13 August 1926, Birán, Cuba
25 November 2016, Havana, Cuba
Fidel Castro orchestrated the Cuban Revolution and was the head of Cuba's government until 2008.
Cuban dictator Fidel Castro was born near Birán, Cuba, in 1926. Beginning in 1958 Castro and his forces began a campaign of guerrilla warfare which led to the overthrow of Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista. As the country's new leader, Castro implemented communist domestic policies and initiated military and economic relations with the Soviet Union that led to strained relations with the United States that culminated in the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis.
Under Castro, improvements were made to health care and education, while he maintained a dictatorial control over the country and brutally persecuted or imprisoned anyone thought to be enemies of the regime. Thousands of dissidents were killed or died trying to flee the dictatorship.
Castro was also responsible for fomenting communist revolutions in countries around the world. However, the 1991 collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and its negative impact on Cuba's economy led Castro to relax some restrictions over time. In failing health, Fidel Castro officially handed over power to his brother in 2008, but still wielded some political influence in Cuba and abroad. Fidel Castro died on November 25, 2016 at the age of 90.
A revolution is not a bed of roses. A revolution is a struggle between the future and the past.
The ever more sophisticated weapons piling up in the arsenals of the wealthiest and the mightiest can kill the illiterate, the ill, the poor and the hungry, but they cannot kill ignorance, illness, poverty or hunger.
I’m not attached to anything.
I’m attached to what it feels it's my duty, to do my duty.
I think that I will die with the boots on.
Quality of life lies in knowledge, in culture. Values are what constitute true quality of life, the supreme quality of life, even above food, shelter and clothing.
Today, the entire country is an immense University.
If people call me Christian, not from the standpoint of religion but from the standpoint of social vision, I declare that I am a Christian.
Victory has thousands father but failure always find itself an orphan.
I find capitalism repugnant. It is filthy, it is gross, it is alienating… because it causes war, hypocrisy and competition
Every country must be absolutely free to adopt the type of economic, political and social system that it considers convenient.